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09/12/2008 - The journal Science admits its error on DNA breakage

Science have admitted being wrong with one of their magazine articles we previously covered (and covered excellently by Microwave News).

Reporter Gretchen Vogel started the article with the outlandish statement "The only two peer-reviewed scientific papers showing that electromagnetic fields from cell phones can cause DNA breakage are at the center of a misconduct controversy", which as we have previously stated, is both completely incorrect and has been so since the turn of the century.

Fortunately, in acknowledgement of her error, she have accepted that there is at least one more paper that has found DNA breaks[Yao May 2008(1)], but is very adamant about the important difference between DNA breakage and DNA damage(Source: Microwave News), which she apparently thinks is not sufficiently notable for inclusion in her article. This is a shame, because obviously DNA damage is equally undesirable as an effect, and the mechanism is not an issue of energy, but typically creation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), known to have the potential for severe cellular damage. The amount of evidence for RF radiation and the creation of ROS is quite strong, both for in vivo experiments [Oktem 2005, Oral 2006, Ferreira 2006, Panagopoulos 2007, Yan 2008, Sokolovic 2008], and in vitro experiments [Nikolova 2005, Friedman 2007, Yao May 2008(1), Yao May 2008(2)]. Even though some papers have failed to replicate this effect[Lantow 2006, Valbonesi 2008], it is clearly strongly misleading to claim that some of the REFLEX work is all there is on the subject. One wonders why the author makes such an attempt to defend what she did, is this genuine lack of understanding of the subject material on her part or simply spin in the name of sensationalist journalism?

References

1. P Yao K et al, (May 2008) Electromagnetic noise inhibits radiofrequency radiation-induced DNA damage and reactive oxygen species increase in human lens epithelial cells, Mol Vis. 2008 May 19;14:964-9 [View Author's abstract conclusions] [View on Pubmed]
 
2. P Oktem F et al, (July 2005) Oxidative damage in the kidney induced by 900-MHz-emitted mobile phone: protection by melatonin, Arch Med Res. 2005 Jul-Aug;36(4):350-5 [View Author's abstract conclusions] [View on Pubmed]
 
3. P Oral B et al, (November 2006) Endometrial apoptosis induced by a 900-MHz mobile phone: preventive effects of vitamins E and C, Adv Ther. 2006 Nov-Dec;23(6):957-73 [View Author's abstract conclusions] [View on Pubmed]
 
4. P Ferreira A et al, (December 2006) Ultra high frequency-electromagnetic field irradiation during pregnancy leads to an increase in erythrocytes micronuclei incidence in rat offspring, Life Sci 2006 Dec 3;80(1):43-50 [View Author's abstract conclusions] [View on Pubmed]
 
5. P Panagopoulos D et al, (January 2007) Cell death induced by GSM 900-MHz and DCS 1800-MHz mobile telephony radiation, Mutat Res. 2007 Jan 10;626(1-2):69-78 [View Author's abstract conclusions] [View on Pubmed]
 
6. P Yan JG et al, (2008) Upregulation of specific mRNA levels in rat brain after cell phone exposure, Electromagn Biol Med. 2008;27(2):147-54 [View Author's abstract conclusions] [View on Pubmed]
 
7. P Sokolovic D et al, (September 2008) Melatonin Reduces Oxidative Stress Induced by Chronic Exposure of Microwave Radiation from Mobile Phones in Rat Brain, J Radiat Res (Tokyo). 2008 Sep 29. [Epub ahead of print] [View Author's abstract conclusions] [View on Pubmed]
 
8. P Nikolova T et al, (October 2005) Electromagnetic fields affect transcript levels of apoptosis-related genes in embryonic stem cell-derived neural progenitor cells, FASEB J. 2005 Oct;19(12):1686-8 [View Author's abstract conclusions] [View on Pubmed]
 
9. P Friedman J et al, (August 2007) Mechanism of a short-term ERK activation by electromagnetic fields at mobile phone frequency, Biochem J. 2007 Aug 1;405(3):559-68 [View Author's abstract conclusions] [View on Pubmed]
 
10. P Yao K et al, (May 2008) Effect of superposed electromagnetic noise on DNA damage of lens epithelial cells induced by microwave radiation, Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2008 May;49(5):2009-15 [View Author's abstract conclusions] [View on Pubmed]
 
11. N Lantow M et al, (September 2006) Comparative study of cell cycle kinetics and induction of apoptosis or necrosis after exposure of human mono mac 6 cells to radiofrequency radiation, Radiat Res. 2006 Sep;166(3):539-43 [View Author's abstract conclusions] [View on Pubmed]
 
12. N Valbonesi P et al, (March 2008) Evaluation of HSP70 Expression and DNA Damage in Cells of a Human Trophoblast Cell Line Exposed to 1.8 GHz Amplitude-Modulated Radiofrequency Fields, Radiat Res. 2008 Mar;169(3):270-9 [View Author's abstract conclusions] [View on Pubmed]
 

Also in the news

An excellent presentation by Mikko Ahonen on the need for wireless precaution

Mikko Ahonen, a regular blogger on creativity and technology, has produced an excellent presentation giving a solid overview of the possible health implications and reasons for precaution on WiFi, entitled "Wireless Systems and Health Risks - Implication for Pedagogical and Educational Practices".


Belgian Minister refuses to allow further GSM base stations to be erected

Next-Up have covered a very strong statement by Belgian Minister André Antoine, stating that "We can no longer bury our heads in the sand. As an elected politician, it is my duty to take my responsibilities seriously. I have therefore decided to forbid the further development of new GSM phone masts. It's a matter of public health." Covered by Belgian Newswire La Derniere Heure" (for which there is also an English translation), this an extremely strong political statement, showing that there is increasing awareness of the issue at a policy making level in some countries.


Bioinitiative group put pressure on Interphone group to publish as soon as possible

11 researchers from the BioInitiative working group are now applying polite pressure to the Interphone group to publish the results from the remaining five countries' data (Australia, New Zealand, Israel, Italy and Canada). The delay is now becoming ridiculous, with the original expectation that the group's data would be published over 3 years ago. Especially as some of the studies are finding strong indications that long term mobile phone use may indeed constitute a tumour risk[Lonn Nov 2004, Schoemaker 2005, Takebayashi 2008, Hours 2007] it is high time that all the data is made available so that future research can be as focused and productive as possible.

References

13. P Lonn S et al, (November 2004) Mobile phone use and the risk of acoustic neuroma, Epidemiology. 2004 Nov;15(6):653-9 [View Author's abstract conclusions] [View on Pubmed]
 
14. P Schoemaker MJ et al, (October 2005) Mobile phone use and risk of acoustic neuroma: results of the Interphone case-control study in five North European countries, Br J Cancer. 2005 Oct 3;93(7):842-8 [View Author's abstract conclusions] [View on Pubmed]
 
15. N Takebayashi T et al, (February 2008) Mobile phone use, exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic field, and brain tumour: a case-control study, Br J Cancer. 2008 Feb 12;98(3):652-9 [View Author's abstract conclusions] [View on Pubmed]
 
16. - Hours M et al, (October 2007) Cell Phones and Risk of brain and acoustic nerve tumours: the French INTERPHONE case-control study, Rev Epidemiol Sante Publique. 2007 Oct;55(5):321-32 [View Author's abstract conclusions] [View on Pubmed]
 

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